Archaeology

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Saliva holds clues to a ‘ghost’ species of ancient human

In saliva, scientists have found hints that a “ghost” species of archaic human may have contributed genetic material to ancestors of people living in Sub-Saharan Africa today. The research adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting that sexual rendezvous

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Neanderthal DNA gives new timeline for modern human migration

Mitochondrial DNA from Neanderthal individual who died in Swabian Jura in modern-day southwest Germany suggests that Neanderthals received genetic contribution from Africa by hominins that are closely related to modern humans more than 220,000 years ago. Ancient mitochondrial DNA from

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Carved skulls point to a neolithic skull cult

Three carved skull fragments uncovered at a Neolithic dig site in Turkey feature modifications not seen before among human remains of the time, researchers say. Thus, these modified cranial fragments could point to a new “skull cult” — or ritual

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Neanderthal teeth display prehistoric dentistry

A discovery of multiple toothpick grooves on teeth and signs of other manipulations by a Neanderthal 130,000 years ago are evidence of a kind of prehistoric dentistry, according to a new study led by a University of Kansas researcher. “As

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Archaeologists discover earliest Egyptian hieroglyphs

An expedition to explore the the ancient Egyptian city of Elkab has uncovered some previously unknown rock inscriptions, which include the earliest monumental hieroglyphs dating back around 5,200 years. These new inscriptions were not previously recorded by any expedition and

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Egyptologists study 3,000-year-old prosthesis

It is likely to be one of the oldest prosthetic devices in human history. Together with other experts, Egyptologists from the University of Basel have reexamined an artificial wooden big toe. The find is almost 3000 years old and was

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Discovery hints at how modern humans outlasted Neanderthals

Researchers report evidence about the transition from Neanderthals to modern humans, found in a cave excavation in the Czech Republic. Archaeologists researching a cliffside cave site in the Czech Republic have discovered evidence of stone tools and suspected spear tips,

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Bounty mutineers’ language is still alive. Just.

The infamous mutiny on the HMAV Bounty became a story retold countless times over the past 228 years, but it also produced a unique island language that a University of New England linguist is racing to document before it vanishes.

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The first homo sapiens are discovered in Morocco

An international research uncovered fossil bones of Homo sapiens along with stone tools and animal bones at Jebel Irhoud, Morocco. The finds are dated to about 300 thousand years ago and represent the oldest securely dated fossil evidence of our

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Fossil confirms earliest primates were tree dwellers

Earth’s earliest primates dwelled in treetops, not on the ground, according to an analysis of a 62-million-year-old partial skeleton discovered in New Mexico — the oldest-known primate skeleton. The skeleton was discovered in the San Juan Basin by Thomas Williamson,

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